Peas are a cool-season crop that come in three varieties: A garden pea with an inedible skin, and snow and snap peas, both with an full-sized peas and an edible pod.
How to grow: Instructions for zone 9, more information can be found for other regions (3-11) in the “more info” section below.
Planting time: Cool-weather
Direct Sow Outdoors: September- Feb/March in other areas 4-6 weeks before last frost date.
Germination Time: 7-14 days depending on variety and soil conditions.
Snap Peas: 48-72″
Snow Peas: 36+”
Spacing: Plant: 2″ Thin to 4-6″ apart, Rows: 18-24″
Tip: Use a trellis, netting, wire, string, pole, or tomato cage to support plant as it grows.
Soil: Loamy. Compost and manure can be added to the soil. PH: Neutral
Fertilizer: Peas do not need a lot of fertilizer, but like phosphorus and potassium.
Tip: Before planting, add wood ash, and a little bonemeal to the soil.
Sun: Full Sun, Part Sun
Hardiness: Can handle moderate freezes. Light damage can encourage secondary shoots.
Harvest: Eat within 5 days of picking.
Garden: 60-65 Days
Snap Peas: 70 Days
Snow Peas: 58 Days
Fruit Size: 3″
Companion Plants: Beans, carrots, celery, corn, cucumbers, eggplant, lettuce, melons, parsnips, peppers, potatoes, radishes, spinach, tomatoes, turnip, marjoram, sage
Avoid: Onion, garlic, leeks, shallots, chives
Pests/Problems: Aphids, Mexican bean beetles, woodchucks, fusarium wilt, powdery mildew can strike in warm weather. Pea enation mosaic virus, pea leaf roll virus, root rot
Solutions: Plant disease-resistant pea varieties. Practice crop rotation to prevent root rot. Nasturtiums can help repel aphids, Mexican bean beetles and whiteflies. Control fusarium wilt disease. Deter woodchucks with pepper spray, talcum powder, or dog urine. Powdery mildew can be treated with a neem oil solution, or a sprayed with a solution of 1T baking soda, 1 gallon of water, and 1/2 tsp of liquid soap.
Water: Water deeply once a week and never allow soil to dry out totally, as this will reduce pea production. In hot weather, water daily if needed. Never water log plants. Don’t allow soil to dry out when peas are germinating, blooming or when pods are swelling.
Plants need 1/2″ of water weekly until they bloom, then 1″ a week until pods fill out.
Nutrition Facts: 1 Cup Serving: 118 calories, .6g fat, 21g Carbs, 8g Protein, A good source of: Vitamins A, K, C, & B vitamins, Iron, Potassium, Magnesium, copper, phosphorus, folate, and dietary fiber
Health Benefits: Peas are low in fat and contain nutrients that may prevent: stomach cancer, wrinkles, aging, heart disease, osteoporosis, and other diseases. They can also help regulate blood sugar and reduce bad cholesterol.
How to grow, prepare, & eat: